HomeFacts and KnowledgePopulation of China drops for second year in a row

Population of China drops for second year in a row

Population of China drops for second year in a row

Beijing, CHINA(EFE)- China’s population decreased by 2.08 million people in 2023, according to official data published Wednesday by the National Statistics Bureau.

The data represents the second consecutive year of contraction, following 2022’s population drop by 850,000 people, which marked the first decrease since 1961 as a consequence of the failed industrialization policy of the Great Leap Forward.

China closed 2023 with 1.409 billion people, which contrasts with the 1.411 billion in the country at the end of the previous year.

The decrease of 2.08 million represents a drop of 0.14 percent compared to the previous year, and confirms the downward demographic trend that began in 2022 and about which the Chinese authorities have been warning for years.

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The Asian giant registered 9.02 million births last year, in contrast to the 9.5 million in 2022 and despite the efforts of both national and local authorities to try to increase birth rates.

Chinese experts predicted last November that the number of births in China would continue to decline in 2023 for the seventh consecutive year, due to a drop in the number of registered marriages in recent years and the rising age of marriages among young Chinese.

According to official data, the number of men in the country exceeds the number of women, with a proportion of 104.49 men for every 100 women. The number of men stood at 720.3 million, while the number of women was 689.4 million.

The NBS figures also reflect an increase in deaths – from 10.41 million to 11.1 million.

Since 2021, the Asian giant has allowed its citizens to have a third child, although the decision has not been received with great enthusiasm by the population, due to both the economic burden of parenting and the priority given to careers.

During the 20th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, held in 2022, the ruling party emphasized that the country needs a system that increases birth rates and reduces the costs of pregnancy, childbirth, schooling and parenting.

Last April, United Nations projections indicated that neighboring India became the most populated country on Earth after surpassing China.

The US Census Bureau’s world population clock estimated that the global population as of September 2022 was 7,922,312,800 people and was expected to reach 8 billion by mid-November of 2022. This total far exceeds the 2015 world population of 7.2 billion. The world’s population continues to increase by roughly 140 people per minute, with births outweighing deaths in most countries.

Overall, however, the rate of population growth has been slowing for several decades. This slowdown is expected to continue until the rate of population growth reaches zero (an equal number of births and deaths) around 2080-2100, at a population of approximately 10.4 billion people. After this time, the population growth rate is expected to turn negative, resulting in global population decline.

Countries with more than 1 billion people

China is currently the most populous country in the world, with a population estimated at more than 1.42 billion as of September 2022. Only one other country in the world boasts a population of more than 1 billion people: India, whose population is estimated to be 1.41 billion people—and rising.

While India’s population is projected to continue to grow until at least the year 2050, China’s population is currently contracting slightly. This contraction, coupled with India’s continued growth, is expected to result in India replacing China as the most populous country in the world by the year 2030.

Countries with more than 100 million people

Another 12 countries each have populations that exceeded 100 million people as of September 2022:

United States338,653,036Russia144,704,502

While Russia and Japan will see their populations decline significantly by 2050, the rest of these nations are expected to continue growing until at least 2050. Additionally, two additional countries, DR Congo and Vietnam, have more than 99 million people and should soon reach the 100 million mark.

Some input from World Population Review

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